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"Group of Colored Soldiers. Camp Wikoff, Montauk Point, NY." During the
Spanish-American War Ca. 1898. Credit: National Archives and Records Administration

What happened to the North and South after the war? What about future political leaders? Five future presidents Grant, Hayes, Garfield, Harrison, and McKinley had been Union officers. And what about the newly freed blacks, who were guaranteed freedom by the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments but instead encountered a new form of enslavement through share cropping and Jim Crow laws, not to be reversed until the 1950s and 60s? These issues and more are addressed in this section.

The North

The South

From Slavery to Freedom – and Back Again

    The Slavery Period

The American Revolution, Constitution and Founding
Fathers (1770-1820)

Jacksonian Democracy, Abolitionism and the Failure
of Unity (1820-1860)
    1861       1863        1865
1862       1864
    Abraham Lincoln
Other Unionists
Jefferson Davis
Other Confederates
    Ulysses S. Grant
Other Union Leaders

Robert E. Lee
Other Confederate Leaders
  Union Soldiers and Sailors
Confederate Soldiers and Sailors
Northern Civilians
Southern Civilians
  Slavery During the War
The Growth of Freedmen
The Emancipation Proclamation
United States Colored Troops
  The North
The South
From Slavery to Freedom
– and Back Again
  Washington, DC, Area During the War
Richmond During the War
The Medical Field During the War
Modern Events About the Civil War
Movies About the Civil War
Newspapers, Magazines, Books on the Civil War
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