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SPECIAL REPORTS

Click on a title below to access either an individual article (denoted by an asterisk) or a set of articles published as a Special Report. The issue of publication appears in parentheses.

Special Reports for "Area Studies > Russian/Soviet"

NATO Expansion, Russian Demise

Tensions between Russia and other former Soviet republics in the Commonwealth of Independent States make it an unreliable guarantor of regional security. NATO expansion, meanwhile, is only adding to the uncertainty.
Illustration by Emiko Ozaki/The World & I 

Introduction
By the time this issue goes to print, chances are the bombing in Yugoslavia will be over. NATO leaders are currently meeting with Serbian ...

Crisis of the Commonwealth of Independent States
In January 1999, Azerbaijan's national security adviser, Vafa Guluzade, urged NATO and Washington to exchange their base in Incirlik, Turkey, for one in Azerbaijan to help defend against threats from Russia and Armenia. Azerbaijan feels menaced by earlier Russian arms sales to Armenia, Armenia's refusal to negotiate a peace to the Nagorno-Karabakh war, and the continuing flow of new Russian planes, S--300 antiair missiles, and forces into Armenia. It also thereby sought to place itself under NATO's umbrella rather than under the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), which proposed an unacceptable peace plan for the war in Nagorno-Karabakh. Shortly thereafter, Uzbekistani President Islam Karimov announced that his country would leave the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) collective security accord and blasted Russian interference and hegemonic policies in Central Asia. Georgia and Azerbaijan appear ready to follow his lead. ...

'New NATO' Creates Instability in Europe
The decision taken by NATO leaders in 1997 to invite Poland, Hungary, and the Czech Republic to join the alliance was a watershed event. For the first time, NATO undertook security responsibilities in central and eastern Europe. Although the alliance did not embark on a second round of membership expansion at its Washington summit meeting in April 1999, additional enlargement seems likely at some point. President Clinton and Secretary of State Madeleine Albright emphasized that NATO membership is theoretically open to any European democracy. Albright has gone even further, asserting that no democratic country will be excluded because of where it is located on the map--a clear reference to the aspirations of the three Baltic republics and a display of brazen contempt for Russia's sensitivity about the issue. ...

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