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Country Afghanistan


 Click to enlarge
Region Southern Asia
Area (sq km) 652,230
Area (sq mile) 250,000
Border China, Iran, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
Population 32,564,342
Nationality Afghan(s)
Ethnic Pashtun 42%, Tajik 27%, Hazara 9%, Uzbek 9%, Aimak 4%, Turkmen 3%, Baloch 2%, other 4%
Religion Sunni Muslim 80%, Shi'a Muslim 19%, other 1%
Language Pashto, Afghan Persian, and more
Literacy 28%
Government Islamic Republic
Capital Kabul
Leader President Ashraf Ghani Ahmadzai (since September 29, 2014 ); First Vice President Abdul Rashid Dostam (since September 29, 2014 ); Second Vice President Sarwar Danesh (since September 29, 2014)
Currency Afghani (AFA)
Independence Day Aug. 19, 1919 (from United Kingdom control over Afghan foreign affairs)
National Holiday Independence Day (Aug. 19, 1919)
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