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Country Iran

 Click to enlarge
Region Middle East
Area (sq km) 1,648,195
Area (sq mile) 636,293
Border Afghanistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iraq, Pakistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan-Naxcivan exclave
Population 81,824,270
Nationality Iranian(s)
Ethnic Persian 61%, Azeri 16%, Kurd 10%, Lur 6%, Baloch 2%, Arab 2%, Turkmen and Turkic tribes 2%, other 1%
Religion Shia Muslim 89%, Sunni Muslim 9%), Zoroastrian, Jewish, Christian, Baha'i, and other 2%
Language Persian, Azeri Turkic, Turkic dialects, and more
Literacy 77%
Government Theocratic Republic
Capital Tehran
Leader Supreme Leader Ali Hoseini-Khamenei (since June 4, 1989); President Hasan Fereidun Ruhani (since August 3, 2013); First Vice President Eshaq Jahangiri (since August 5, 2013)
Currency Iranian rial (IRR)
Independence Day April 1, 1979 (Islamic Republic of Iran proclaimed)
National Holiday Republic Day (April 1, 1979), Revolution Day (Feb. 11, 1979), New Year's Day (March 21), Constitutional Monarchy Day (Aug. 5, 1925)
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