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Country Iraq


 Click to enlarge
Region Middle East
Area (sq km) 438,317
Area (sq mile) 168,753
Border Iran, Jordan, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Turkey
Population 37,056,169
Nationality Iraqi(s)
Ethnic Arab 75%-80%, Kurdish 15%-20%, Turkoman, Assyrian and other 5%
Religion Shi'a Muslim 60%-65%, Sunni Muslim 32%-37%, Christian and other 3%
Language Arabic, Kurdish, Turkmen, and more
Literacy 78%
Government Parliamentary Democracy
Capital Baghdad
Leader President Fuad Masum (since July 24, 2014); Vice Presidents Ayad Allawi (since September 9, 2014), Nuri Maliki (since September 9, 2014), Usama al-Nujayfi (since September 9, 2014); Prime Minister Haydar al-Abadi (since September 8, 2014)
Currency Iraqi dinar (IQD)
Independence Day Oct. 3, 1932 (from League of Nations mandate under British administration)
National Holiday Revolution Day (July 17, 1968)--Holiday celebrated under the saddam Husayn regime. The Government of Iraq has yet to declare a new national holiday.
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