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Country Turkey

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Region Southeastern Europe
Area (sq km) 783,562
Area (sq mile) 301,382
Border Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Georgia, Greece, Iran, Iraq, Syria
Population 79,414,269
Nationality Turk(s)
Ethnic Turkish 72%, Kurdish 18%, other 10%
Religion Muslim 99.8% (mostly Sunni), Christian, Jewish, and other 0.2%
Language Turkish, Kurdish, and more
Literacy 87%
Government Republican Parliamentary Democracy
Capital Ankara
Leader President Recep Tayyip ERDOGAN (since August 10, 2014) head of government: Prime Minister Binali YILDIRIM (since May 22, 2016); Deputy Prime Ministers Nurettin CANIKLI (since May 24, 2016), Veysi KAYNAK (since May 24, 2016), Mehmet SIMSEK (since November 24, 2015), Tugrul TURKES (since August 29, 2014), Numan KURTULMUS (since August 29, 2014)
Currency Turkish lira (TRY)
Independence Day Oct. 29, 1923 (successor state to the Ottoman Empire)
National Holiday Independence Day (Oct. 29, 1923)
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