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Country Uzbekistan

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Region Central Asia
Area (sq km) 447,400
Area (sq mile) 172,741
Border Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan
Population 29,199,142
Nationality Uzbekistani(s)
Ethnic Uzbek 80%, Russian 6%, Tajik 5%, Kazakh 3%, Karakalpak 3%, Tatar 2%
Religion Muslim 88% (mostly Sunni), Eastern Orthodox 9%, other 3%
Language Uzbek, Russian, Tajik, other
Literacy 99%
Government Republic with Authoritarian Presidental Rule
Capital Tashkent (Toshkent)
Leader President Shavkat MIRZIYOYEV (interim president from September 8, 2016; formally elected president on December 4, 2016 to succeed longtime President Islom KARIMOV, who died on September 2, 2016) head of government: Prime Minister Abdulla ARIPOV (since December 13, 2016); First Deputy Prime Minister Rustam AZIMOV (since January 2, 2008)
Currency Uzbekistani soum (UZS)
Independence Day Sept. 1, 1991 (from Soviet Union)
National Holiday Independence Day (Sept. 1, 1991)
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